In the highest place in the world at the seashore is hidden inside the forest an ancient city of ancestors. The Sierra Nevada was declared by Unesco a Biosphere Reserve of Man and Humanity in 1979.
The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is the highest mountain formation in the world reaching 5.775m above sea level. It is not part of the Cordillera de los Andes and covers three departments of the Caribbean region of the country, which are Cesar, La Guajira and Magdalena.
All this has provided the possibility of thriving different indigenous cultures that still inhabit it, such as the Kogui, Arhuacos, Wiwas and Kankuamos, descendants of the Tayrona, different cultures that relate to each other by exchanging their products
Along the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta can be found different places of great tourist value, the most recognized of all is the Lost City or Tejuna Archaeological Park, but there are also other places like Minca only one hour from Santa Marta or Nabusímake close to Valledupar.
The Tayrona, one of the strongest indigenous races, who faced the Spanish conquistadors being able to seize their forts and restrict their advance, were the architects of this Lost City or Teyuna as their indigenous descendants call it, built around the year 660d.C, located on the north face of the Sierra Nevada between 900 and 1200 meters above sea level. It was rediscovered in 1976 by a team of archaeologists from the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and almost completely restored, it is believed that the city was abandoned between 1550 and 1600.
It is composed of a complex system of constructions, paved paths, stairs and walls intercommunicated by a series of terraces and platforms on which the ceremonial centers, houses and places of storage of foods were constructed. The structures discovered so far occupy an area of approximately 35 hectares.
To visit it, there are several tour agencies that have the permission and the knowledge to reach the area, it is carried out in groups of walks inside the forest, which can last from 4 to 6 days, where you walk about 6 hours a day And sleep in native villages usually in hammocks.